Phases and Dynamics of the Social Movement Process in Indonesia: A Case Study on LAPINDO Mudflow Disaster Victims against the Government

Oman Sukmana


This study focused on mapping the phases and dynamics of the social movement process of Lapindo mudflow disaster victims in Indonesia. This study was analyzed by using a qualitative. The subject of the study was determined by purposive sampling in which all elements involved in the social movement of mudflow disaster victims. The data were collected by using in-depth interview, observation, FGD, and documentation. The stages of the analysis process involved data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusion. The results of the study indicated that the social movements were mapped into three phases: (1) the period of the emergence of the pre-social movement ideas; (2) the period of stabilization and consolidation of the social movements; and (3) the period of the social movement decline. Meanwhile, the dynamics of the social movements of Lapindo mudflow were based on three aspects: (1) political opportunity; (2) mobilizing structure, and (3) cultural framings.


social movement; phases; dynamics; disaster victims; mudflow disaster

Full Text:



Babbie, E. (2008). The Basic of Social Research (Vol. 91). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Benford, R. D., & Snow, D. A. (2000). Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 26(1), 611–639.

Budi, F. H. (2009). Bisnis dan Demokrasi. Malang: Averroes Press.

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inqquiry and Research Design: Chosing Among Five Approaches. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Damsar. (2010). Pengantar Sosiologi Politik. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. (N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln, Eds.). California.

Eriyanto. (2002). Analisis Framing: Konstruksi, Ideologi, dan Politik Media. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Fakih, M. (2010). Masyarakat Sipil untuk Transformasi Sosial: Pergolakan Ideologi LSM Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Insist Press.

Gerbaudo, P. (2017). The indignant citizen : anti-austerity movements in southern Europe and the anti-oligarchic reclaiming of citizenship, 16(1), 36–50.

Guzman-Concha, C. (2015). Radical Social Movements in Western Europe : A Configurational Analysis, 14(6), 668–69

Hiller, H. H. (1975). A Reconceptualization of the Dynamics of Social Movement Development. The Pacific Sociological Review, 18, 342–360.

Istrate, M., & Horea-serban, R. I. (2018). The dynamics of poverty and its consequences on regional inequalities in Romania, 9(1), 63–87.

Johnston, H., & Klandermans, & B. (1995). Social Movements and Culture.

Klandermans, B., & Staggenborg, S. (2002). Methods of Social Movement Research. Minneapolis: the University of Minnesota Press.

Kluttz, J., & Walter, P. (2018). Conceptualizing Learning in the Climate Justice Movement.

Koukouzelis, K. (2017). Climate Change Social Movements and Cosmopolitanism, 14(5), 746–761.

Locher, D. A. (2002). Collective Behavior.pdf. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Macionis, J. J. (2008). Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

McAdam, D., McCarthy, J. D., & Zald, M. N. (2004). Comparative Perspectivees on Social Movements: Political Opportunity, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framing. Cambridge: Pearson Education, Inc.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis. Thousand Oaks.

Neuman, W. L. (2007). Basic of Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitatitve Approaches.

Quah, S. R., & Sales, A. (2000). The International Handbook of SOCIOLOGY. London.

Reuben-Shemia, D. A. (2017). Power and Social Change : The case of the European social justice movement, 36(4), 51–60.

Salim, A. (2001). Teori dan Paradigma Penelitan Sosial: Pemikiran Norman K. Denzin & Egon Guba, dan penerapannya. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Singh, R. (2001). Social Movements, Old and New: A Post-Modernist Critique. New Delhi: SAGE publications India, Ltd.

Snow, D. A., Soule, S. A., & Kriesi, H. (2004). The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Sukmana, O. (2017). Konflik Horisontal Antar Kelompok Korban Bencana Lumpur Lapindo. Jurnal Sosial Politik, 3(1), 78–98.

Sutarno. (2019). Political Imaging Techniques Carried Out by Baitul Muslimin Indonesia (BAMUSI) in Increasing Public Political Support for PDI Perjuangan Medan City. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). P. 164-174.

Tarrow, S. (1998). Power in Movements: Social Movements and Contentious Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Tarrow, S. (2008). Charles Tilly and the Practice of Contentious Politics Charles Tilly and the Practice of Contentious Politics. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest, (May 2012), 37–41.

Triwibowo, D. (2006). Gerakan Sosial: Wahana Civil Society bagi Demokratisasi. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Vu, N. A. (2017). Grassroots Environmental Activism in an Authoritarian Context : The Trees Movement, 1180–1208.

Wahlstrom, M., & Peterson, A. (2006). Between the State and the Market Expanding the Concepts of “Political Opportunity Structure”. Acta Sociological, 49.

Yin, R. K. (2011). Qulaitative Research From Start to Finish. New York.

Zomeren, M. Van, & Iyer, A. (2009). Introduction to the Social and Psychological Dynamics of Collective Action. Journal of Social Issues, 65(4), 645–660.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 176 times
PDF - 168 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.