Social Work for Female Migrant Workers in Japan: From Interviews of Pregnant Technical Intern Trainees and Technical School Students

Hanako Okawara

Abstract


In Japan, labor shortages have become a serious problem owing to the low birth rate and aging population. Despite the growing expectations of foreign workers, migrant workers’ rights are not fully guaranteed. And in recent years, issues related to pregnancy and childbirth has become a major focus of attention. In this paper, the female migrant workers refer to the technical intern trainees, specified skilled workers and technical school students who stay in Japan for the purpose of making money. In order to analyze the social support required by pregnant migrant workers during their stay in Japan, 11 foreign workers and students who became pregnant during their stay in Japan were interviewed. We analyzed the difficulties they experienced and the support they sought from the perspectives of language barriers and culture and system. The analysis revealed that the difficulties experienced by female migrant workers are complex and intertwined, with multiple difficulties occurring simultaneously. And gender issues in Japanese society and the sending system in their home countries had a strong influence. Some of the support they sought required institutional reform, while others could be provided by people close to them. This is an exploratory research study. I plan to study the various aspects of this issue in-depth in the future.


Keywords


female migrant workers; technical intern trainees; technical school term students; specified skilled workers; social work

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ishikawa, Kumiko (2012). "Theory and Practice of Multicultural Social Work," Akashi Books

Ito, Ruri (2008). "International Transfer of Reproductive Labor and Reorganization of Gender Order: A Case Study of Hong Kong's Migrant Domestic Workers Introduction Policy," Ito, Ruri and Adachi, Mariko (editors), "International Migration and Chained Gender: Globalization of the Reproductive Domain," 21-46, Sakuhinsha

Japan Association of Social Workers (2012). "Learning from Practical Cases of Multicultural Social Work in Support of Foreign Residents in Japan", Chuohoki Publishing Co., Ltd.

Kado, Miyuki (2016). "Ethnicity-conscious social work practice," Social Work Research 42(2),27-33

Koinuma, Yoko (2002). "Asian Women's Temporary Labor Migration outside Japan: Current Situation and Issues", Journal of International Cooperation Studies, 18(1),61-70

Minamino, Natsuko (2017). "A Study on the Vulnerability of Lifestyle Structure among Migrant Foreign Women," Bulletin of the Faculty of Human Sociology, Gakuen, (916) 61-74

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (2022). "Summary of Notification Status of 'Employment Status of Foreign Nationals' (as of October 2021). " Available at: https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/newpage_23495.html [Accessed 27 Jan 2022]

Miyajima, Takashi, and Suzuki, Eriko (2014). "Questioning the Acceptance of Foreign Workers," Iwanami Booklet No. 196, Iwanami Shoten, Publishers.

Moriya, Takashi (2018). "Foreign Workers' Employment Issues and Improvement Measures," Japan Journal of Labor Studies, 696, 30-39.

Ogaya, Chiho (2013). "Feminization of Migration," Yoshihara, Kazuo (editor-in-chief), Dictionary of Human Mobility: From Japan to Asia and from Asia to Japan, 140-141, Maruzen Publishing Co.

Saito, Yoshihisa (2020). "Foreigners Working in Japan and (No. 4) Loan-Type 'Scholarship' and Pregnancy of Foreign Students," Journal of Labor Law 71:14, 36-39.

Sato, Ikuya (2008). "Qualitative Data Analysis Methods: Principles, Methods, and Practices", Shin-yo-sha.

Shikama, Ayako (2020). "Foreign Workers and Social Integration Policies: Exploring the Relationship between Japanese Society and Foreign Residents in the Future through the Introduction of 'Specified Technical Skill' Qualification," Bulletin of the Faculty of Business Administration, Tamagawa University, 31, 1-16.

Sunai, Naoko (2020)."Vietnamese Women Technical Intern Trainees and Pregnancy: Corona, Ongoing Sexual Management, and the Right to be Deprived," Visions 2, 70-73.

Tanaka, Masako (2020). "Migrant Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health/Lights in Japan," International Journal of Gender Studies, 18, 64-85.

Yamagishi, Motoko (2009), "Migrant Women's DV and NGO Initiatives: DV Law, Migrant Women and Women's Empowerment," Asia Pacific Human Rights Information Center (Hewlitz Osaka), International Marriage from the Perspective of Women's Human Rights, 78-55, Gendaijinbun-sha.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v6i2.7542

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1 times
PDF - 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.