Rationality of Village Communities in the Practice of Independence and Village Development (Case Study in Ngroto Village Pujon District Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia)

Dhanny Septimawan Sutopo


The main purpose of this research is to know thoroughly in the development of villages that are often echoed, namely about the rationality aspects of villagers over village development practices. The real symptoms that have long been present in this collective life can manifestly be a force in village development, because the substance of village development itself is for the benefit of rural communities that are considered the real subjects of village development.In order to sharpen this thesis, the research will be focused on the character of the community in a village, namely Ngroto Village, Pujon District, Malang, which is also the Village with the National Highest Village Building Index (IDM) in 2018. This research is expected to contribute critical thinking to social and community symptoms related to village development. Thus, it can present a whole picture of village development practices that not only concern the aspects of procedural normative implementation, but also present substantially in the typical state of rural life. Thus, the practice of village development can actually be interpreted by the community without having to intervene in the concept of village development which is often interpreted narrowly as a normative mechanism of village government in carrying out village development planning. This research activity is an effort to be able to explore the fundamental aspects in the context of village development run by the village government and its citizens. To sharpen these efforts, this study took a sociological perspective on the rationality of the village community that was contextualized on village development activities until Ngroto Village achieved the highest NATIONAL IDM value in 2018. The results of this study projected that village development can take place ideally by establishing a balance between the ideal village development system according to the country as stated in the regulations, with the world of life or social and cultural lebenswelt of the village community. The way that can be done to achieve this balance is to encourage the ability of the village to develop moral proceduralism that contains the rationality of the world of social and cultural life of the community in running a series of village development systems.



village development; rationality aspect; village development system

Full Text:



Arifah, Mir’atun Nur and Kusumastuti, Nugrahani (2018). Strategies to Accelerate the Development of Independent Villages (Studies in Kemadang Gungkidul) Journal of Community Empowerment: Media of Thought and Da'wah. Volume. 2, No. 1.

Asy'ari, Sapari Imam (1993). Sociology of Cities and Villages, National Enterprises: Surabaya

Bachrein, Saeful (2010).). Village Building Approach in West Java: Rural Development Strategies and Policies. Journal of Agricultural Policy Analysis. Volume 8 No. 2.

Bungin, Burhan) ((2012). Qualitative Research Methods: Methodological Actualization towards Contemporary Variant Varieties. Rajawali Press: Jakarta

Creswell, John W. (2009). Research Design. Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approach. Sage Publications. USA.

Eko, Sutoro) ((2014). The village-built Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Village Development Forum (FPPD).

Geertz, Clifford (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books

Habermas, Jürgen. 200. Communicative Theory of Action I: Ratio and Rationalization of Society. Bantul: Offset Discourse Creation.

Hardiman, F. Budi. 2009. Towards a Communicative Society. Yogyakarta: Publisher of Kanisius.

Moleong, J Lexy, Prof. Dr. (2009). Qualitative Research Methods. Bandung: PT. Teenager Rosdakaya.

Ninuk Kleden-Probonegoro (2012). Ethnography: Making Storytelling Data. Journal of Society &Budayaa, Volume 14, No. 1.

Son, Rizki Hendarji (2019). Village Government Strategy in Improving Village Status Towards Independent Village (Hanura Village Study of Pandan Bay District pesawaran Regency). Thesis Fisip Unila. Bandar Lampung.

Setyowati, Eka (2019). Village Governance on Differences in Village Building Index (IDM): Study of Three Villages in Malang Regency. Jispo Volume journal. 9 No. 2.

Sindhunata. (1982). Rational Human Business Dilemma. Criticism of Modern Society by Horkheimer in the Framework of the Frankfurt School. Jakarta: Publisher of PT Gramedia.

Suharto, Edi (2005). Membangun Masyarakat Mem empower Rakyat.. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Spradley, James P (2007)." Ethnographic methods". Second edition. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v5i3.6840

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 19 times
PDF - 7 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.