The Role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) In the Protection of Afghan Refugees in Indonesia amid the Covid-19 Pandemic

Siti Nadhifah Eprillia Salsabila


One of the refugees that became the focus of this study is Afghan refugees in Indonesia in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study is to understand the role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in protecting Afghan refugees in Indonesia amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used descriptive research that looks at reality by compiling conceptual research. The limit period of this study is 2019-2021 because it is the year the COVID-19 pandemic occurred. The results showed that UNHCR's role for Afghan refugees in Indonesia during the Covid-19 pandemic was to provide assistance to refugees in Indonesia, amounting to Rp. 6 million UNHCR continues to advocate for refugees to access their fundamental rights, including their access to health, education, empowerment, and livelihoods. Besides that, UNHCR has also assisted refugee rights to cover the cost of basic needs. To overcome the COVID-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government also provided vaccines for free to all refugees, including all migrants from Afghanistan, which are very large in number. The Indonesian government continues to pay attention to how Afghan refugees are handled, especially during disasters, while higher values on the traditional international standards in dealing with refugees, such as non- refoulement.


united nations high commissioner for refugees (UNHCR); refugees; COVID- 19

Full Text:



Abbas, W. (2018). Comprehensive Migration Governance: Upaya Pemerintah Kota Makassar dan International Organization for Migration untuk Mengatasi Masalah Pengungsi. Universitas Airlangga.

Adhaniah, N., Heryadi, D., & Sari, D. S. (2021). The Cooperation of UNHCR and Indonesia on Afghan Refugee Handling in Indonesia. Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS).

Akhiyat, A., & Usuluddin, W. (2019). Meneguhkan spiritualisme implementasi moralitas dalam masyarakat. Pustaka Radja.

Almudawar, M., & Muthahari, I. M. (2021). Penanganan dan Perlindungan Hak Asasi Manusia terhadap Pengungsi (Refugees) dan Pencari Suaka (Asylum Seekers) di Indonesia Sesuai Pengkajian Perpres 125 Tahun 2016 dan Implementasi Peran Rumah Detensi Imigrasi dalam Penanganan Pengungsi di Luar Negeri pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Perspektif Hukum, 291–305.

Beny, B., Yani, H., & Ningrum, G. M. (2019). Evaluasi Usability Situs Web Kemenkumham Kantor Wilayah Jambi dengan Metode Usability Test dan System Usability Scale. RESEARCH : Computer, Information System & Technology Management.

Brilianto, M. A. F., Fikri, A. H., & Hardianty, I. K. (2022). Kedudukan Pengungsi Taliban di Indonesia Ditinjau dari Asas Non-Refoulement. JURNAL USM LAW REVIEW, 5(1), 299–313.

Ghezelbash, D., & Feith Tan, N. (2020). The end of the Right to Seek Asylum? COVID-19 and the Future of Refugee Protection. International Journal of Refugee Law, 32(4), 668–679.

Goodwin-Gill, G. S., & McAdam, J. (2017). UNHCR and climate change, disasters, and displacement. Unhcr.

Kemenkumham. (2017). Kemenkumham. Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Kemigisha, E., Rai, M., Mlahagwa, W., Nyakato, V. N., & Ivanova, O. (2020). A qualitative study exploring menstruation experiences and practices among adolescent girls living in the nakivale refugee settlement, Uganda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Kinchin, N. (2016). The implied human rights obligations of UNHCR. International Journal of Refugee Law.

Malahayati, S. H., Prang, L. L. M.-D. A. J., & SH, L. L. M. (n.d.). MENGENAL LEBIH JAUH PRINSIP NON-REFOULEMENT.

Marbach, M. (2018). On imputing UNHCR data. Research and Politics.

Marett, P. (2018). Information Law in Practice. In Information Law in Practice.

Mayaut, C. R. A. W. (2021). Kajian Hukum Internasional Terhadap Penyelesaian Sengketa Wilayah Perbatasan Indonesia-Timor Leste. Lex Privatum, 9(3).

McAdam, J. (2017). The enduring relevance of the 1951 Refugee Convention. International Journal of Refugee Law, 29(1), 1–9.

Missbach, A. (2017). Accommodating asylum seekers and refugees in Indonesia: From immigration detention to containment in “alternatives to detention.” Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees/Refuge: Revue Canadienne Sur Les Réfugiés, 33(2), 32–44.

Ningrum, P. A., et al. (2020). The Potential of Poverty in the City of Palangka Raya: Study SMIs Affected Pandemic Covid 19. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 3, Page: 1626-1634

Nurcahyawan, T., & Andika, S. R. (2017). Permintaan Maaf Australia dan Prinsip Non Refoulement (Studi Kasus Pencari Suaka Sri Lanka). Era Hukum-Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Hukum, 15(1).

Oktavian, A., Haryadi, A., Poerwantika, T. R., & Windary, S. (2018). Peran International Organization of Migration (IOM) dalam Menanggulangi Kasus Human Trafficking di Indonesia. Prosiding Senaspolhi, 1(1).

Pribadi, Y. (2021). Lembaga Dana Kerjasama Pembangunan Internasional Sebagai Alat Sentralisasi Soft Diplomacy Keuangan Indonesia. Administratio: Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik Dan Pembangunan.

Primadasa, C. P., Kurnia, M. P., & Erawaty, R. (2021). Problematika Penanganan Pengungsi di Indonesia Dari Perspektif Hukum Pengungsi Internasional. Risalah Hukum, 44–51.

Priyatno, M. B., & Pranata, S. (2020). Immigration Supervision Of Refugees And Mandiri Suaka Searchers In The Eks Komando Building, Military District, West Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Keimigrasian, 3(2), 25–35.


Sakharina, I. K., & Hendrapati, M. (2017). Local Government and Central Government Coordination with UNHCR in Order to Handle the Asylum Seeker and International Refugees in South Sulawesi. JL Pol’y & Globalization, 67, 70.

Saleh, A., Mujahiddin. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities for Community Empowerment Practices in Indonesia during the Covid-19 Pandemic through Strengthening the Role of Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 3, No 2, Page: 1105-1113.


Sihombing, E. H., Nasib. (2020). The Decision of Choosing Course in the Era of Covid 19 through the Telemarketing Program, Personal Selling and College Image. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No. 4, Page: 2843-2850.

Stanescu, M. D. (2021). State of the art of post-consumer textile waste upcycling to reach the zero waste milestone. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Tzevelekos, V. P., & Proukaki, E. K. (2017). Migrants at sea: A duty of plural states to protect (extraterritorially)? Nordic Journal of International Law.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 78 times
PDF - 48 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.