Human Resource Practices and Policies: A Literature Review

Firliandini Firliandini, Eeng Ahman


This study aims to determine the dimensions of HR Practices and Policies contained in various previous literatures. Journal analysis was carried out using a systematic literature review (SLR) method obtained from Scopus in 2016-2021 following inclusion and exclusion criteria with the keywords HR Policies and Practices in order to obtain 15 journals. The journal articles obtained related to HRM practices and policies were found with various specific topics ranging from age-related HRM, Green HRM, hospitality HRM, Austerity HRM, Gen-Z HRM, Health Workers HRM, HRM Strategy, SR-HRM, Promoting Women to seniors. and HRM in the University. There are various dimensions of HR Practices and Policies categorized on macro, meso and micro measures. Most of the research methods used in the article are qualitative. For future researchers, it is expected to combine quantitative and qualitative approaches to make it more comprehensive with a wider research sample.


human resource practices and policies; human resource management; systematic literature review

Full Text:



Aggarwal, (2020). Gen Z entering the workforce: Restructuring HR policies and practices for fostering the task performance and organizational commitment. Journal of Public Affairs, hlm. 1–18.

Ahmed, R., & Philbin, S. P. (2021). Systematic literature review of project manager ’ s leadership competencies. 28(1), 1–30.

Aydogan, E. and Arslan, Ö. (2021), “HRM practices and organizational commitment link: Maritime scope”, International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 260-276.

Bagader, A., & Adelhadi, A. (2021). The need to implement green human resource management policies and practice in construction industries. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 20(SpecialIssue2), 1–7.

Barrena-Martínez, (2019). Towards a configuration of socially responsible human resource management policies and practices: findings from an academic consensus. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 30(17), 2544–2580.

Barrena-Martínez,, (2017). Socially responsible human resource policies and practices: Academic and professional validation. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 23(1), 55–61.

Biswas, K.,,. (2017). A mediated model of the effects of human resource management policies and practices on the intention to promote women: An investigation of the theory of planned behaviour. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 28(9), 1309–1331.

Boehm, S. A.,, (2021). Age-Related Human Resource Management Policies and Practices: Antecedents, Outcomes, and Conceptualizations. Work, Aging and Retirement, 7(4), 257–272.

Crimmins, G. (2017). Feedback from the coal-face: how the lived experience of women casual academics can inform human resources and academic development policy and practice. International Journal for Academic Development, 22(1), 7–18.

Daft, R. L. (2015). Organization theory and design. Boston: Cengage Learning

DeNisi, & Murphy. (2017), “Performance appraisal and performance management: 100 years of progress?”, Journal ofApplied Psychology, Vol. 102 No. 3, p. 421.

Gaffar, V. (2020). Systematic Literature Review: an Introduction. FPEB Online Discussion.

Hadji, S., (2022). Diagnosing of human resource performance management based on lack of ambidextrous learning themes: a case study of public Iranian banking system. International Journal of Ethics and Systems, ahead-of-p(ahead-of-print).

Kelana,,. (2021). The Effect of HR Sustainability Practice To HR Policy at SMEs Manufacturing in Malaysia. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, vol. 27(SpecialIssue 2), 1–5.

Khan, Rasli, & Qureshi. (2017). Greening human resource management: A review policies and practices. Advanced Science Letters, Vol. 23(9), hlm. 8934–8938.

Mohammadi, & Sharifzadeh, F. (2017), “Designing a performance management model with a human resources development approach in the public sector”, Quarterly Journal of Human Resources Training and Development, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 133-153

Niati, D. R., Siregar, Z. M. E., & Prayoga, Y. (2021). The Effect of Training on Work Performance and Career Development: The Role of Motivation as Intervening Variable. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(2), 2385–2393.

Onnis, L. ann. (2019). Human resource management policy choices, management practices and health workforce sustainability: remote Australian perspectives. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 57(1), hlm. 3–23.

Paraschi, & Georgopoulos, A. (2020). Austerity HRM practices, work deterioration and possible recovery policies: A cross-European survey in the airport workplace. Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 41(4), hlm. 860–886.

Serafini & Szamosi. (2021). Variations and differences in the application of HR policies and practices by US hotel multinational firm’s subsidiaries across coordinated and transitional periphery economies: a case approach. International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 32(17), p. 3659–3695.

Shah, M. M., et al. (2020). The Development Impact of PT. Medco E & P Malaka on Economic Aspects in East Aceh Regency. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 1, Page: 276-286.

Tsymbaliuk,,. (2021). Green human resource management policies and practices in Ukraine. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 915(1).

Upamanyu, & Shivnani, T. (2016). HR policies and practices: A study of Hotel Sarovar Portico and Hotel Fortune Select Metropolitan of Jaipur city. International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, Vol.14(No. 12), hlm. 8399–8407.

Wahono, R. S. (2015). A Systematic Literature Review of Software Defect Prediction: Research Trens, Datasets, Methods and Framework. Journal of Software Engineering Vol. 1 (1), 1-16.

Werdhiastutie, A. et al. (2020). Achievement Motivation as Antecedents of Quality Improvement of Organizational Human Resources. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 2, Page: 747-752.

Xie & Cooke. (2019). Quality and cost? The evolution of Walmart’s business strategy and human resource policies and practices in China and their impact (1996–2017). Human Resource Management. Vol. 58(No. 5), hlm. 521–541.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 904 times
PDF - 148 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.