Gramatical Typology and Pivot System of Mandailing Language

Rezky Khoirina Tarihoran, Mulyadi Mulyadi


Mandailing language is a syntax that concerns the identification of coherence in complex sentences by identifying its development in the language spoken in the southern plains of Sumatra. This study uses qualitative description, which includes the depiction, discovery of patterns, and formulation in BM which is associated with the typology system. The method used is the agih method. This method used Replacing technique, and prostrate techniques in agih performed against the coordinate, subordinate, adverbial clause, and construction with infinite verbs. Based on the research, the language structure adopted by BM uses a language structure that adheres to the SVO or VOS system with the noun phrase "controller" determining the higher clause and the FN "pivot" determinded the lower clause.


grammatical typology; pivot system; mandailing language

Full Text:



Aldo, A. (2020). Making Autocad Learning Modules in Software Application Subjects and Building Interior Design at Smk Negeri 3 Yogyakarta. Journal of Civil Engineering Education , 2 (1), 37–51.

Artawa, IK (1995). "Theory of Syntax and Language Typology" in Linguistics .

Artawa, IK (1998). Syntactical diversity in languages: Balinese, Sasak, and Indonesian .

Basaria, I. (2013). Batak Toba Language Diatesis: A Typological Approach . 35–43.

Basaria, I. (2016). Gramatical Typology And Pakpak-Dairi Language Pivot System. Journal of Language Research, Literature, And Teaching , 12 (APRIL 2013), 25–34.

Budiarta, IW (2009). Dawan Language Grammatical Alliance: A Study of Language Typology. Linguistics: Scientific Bulletin of the Linguistics Masters Program at Udayana University , 19 (1948), 1–11.

Comrie, B. (1989). Language Universals and Linguistic Typology .

Dixon, RWM (1994). Ergativity .

Harahap, AL (2019). Subjects in the Angkola Batak Language: A Typological Approach. Red: Revolution of English … , 26–33.

Hasibuan, IA (2019). Causative Construction in Mandailing Language: A Study of Syntactic Typology. Nusa: Journal of Language and Literature Science , 14 (3), 318.

Jufrizal. (2012). The Phenomenon Of Minangkabau Grammatic Typology: Accusative, Ergative, Or Mixed? Pedagogy: Journal of Educational Sciences , 9 (1), 58. Pendidikan.v9i1.123

Jufrizal. (2016). The Phenomena of Split-S and Fluid-S in Minangkabaunese: A Grammatical-Typological Study . 154–166.

Jufrizal, Rusdi, & Refnita, L. (2008). Information Structure In Minangkabau Language Clause. Phys. Rev. E , 58–69.

Lubis, ZB (2014). Growing (Re) Local Wisdom in Natural Resource Management in South Tapanuli.

Mahsun. (2011). Language Research Methods: Stages of Strategy, Methods and Techniques.

Purba, N. et al. (2020). Language Acquisition of Children Age 4-5 Years Old in TK Dhinukum Zholtan Deli Serdang. Linglit Journal: Scientific Journal of Linguistics and Literature. P.19-24

Rizki, A., & Pujiati. (2017). Ordering Words in Arabic (Syntactic Typology). Ittihad, 1 (2), 238–248.

Siregar, EBA (2020). Typology and Grammatical Alignment of Angkola Language.

Siwi, P. (2021). Syntax Syntax: A Study of Grammar Typology. KnE Social Sciences , 2021 , 541–549.

Zainuddin, MN bin. (2020). Bukhari Lubis' Contributions In Jawi And Khat: A Guide To School Leaders And Educators To Be Quality Leaders.

Zubir, Z. (2016). Sports Events and Satellite Cities: The Development of Jakabaring in a Historical Review of the City. Patanjala: Journal of Historical and Cultural Research , 2 (2), 482–510.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 42 times
PDF - 31 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.