Relationship of Interfaith in Tunisia (Critical Study of Ibn ‘Ashur Tafsir W.1973)

Amiur Nuruddin, Ahmad Qarib, Azwani Lubis, Muhammad Faisal Hamdani

Abstract


Relations between Muslims and non-Muslims will often experience disruption / friction if not addressed wisely, especially in terms of social politics, the order of social life. In Islam, Religion and Politics two things are difficult to separate. This often becomes a polemic to produce many interpretations and frictions in various regions and majority Muslim countries. Interpretation of the Qur'anic verses relating to religious and political relations also has a variety of colors and patterns which in the end can also produce identity theory in the practice of life. This paper aims to look at the opinion of Ibn Atsur in terms of the relationship / relationship between Islam and non-Islam, in what way and practice how Muslims and non-Muslims can work together and coexist and in terms of what and how they should be separated. Writing that uses this character qualitative method tries to look at the data based on Ibn Atsur's interpretation in his book "al-Tahr r wa al-Tanwir" and is combined with his political attitude described in his books and scientific books which tell him about him in facing the political situation in Tunisia. In interpreting the verses relating to interfaith relations, Ibn Atsur looks more broadly giving freedom to non-Muslims. For example in interpreting Qs. Al-Mumtahanah verse 8-9 he said the reason for the prohibition of doing good to non-Muslims was hostility and in conditions of war "Religion" not other than that. Reasons other than religion cannot be justified in not doing good to non-Muslims and may do good to non-Muslims in all forms of goodness that are related to muamalah and relations between people. Even in terms of this flexibility politics also caused Ibn Atsur to face mass slander by being considered a supporter of the invaders for supporting dual citizenship in Tunisia and not at all suspicious of the French-Catholic colonialism when he appointed him Shaykh al-Isla Christian development in Tunisa. In other cases, Ibn ‘Ashur also displays a different attitude with other interpreters. In an interpretation of QS. Al-Maidah: [54], he said that it was not permissible to appoint Christian and Jewish leaders because of their religious differences. He added that making Jews and Christians as leaders could cause someone to get out of Islam (apostasy). Even in his political stance, Ibn Atsur once said that non-Muslims should not be made members of Shura or Majilis (Parliament, a type of DPR-MPR) on the grounds that they would never think of the religious interests of Muslims. Thus Ibn Atsur has an ambiguous attitude and changes in interpretation and progressive attitude by some scientists call him seeing the situation and the condition of the people he faces (dialectic).


Keywords


relationship; interfaith; Ibn ‘Ashur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Books, Thesis, Disertation

Abd al-„Aziz al-Tha„alibi, Ruh al-Taharrur fi al-Qur’an. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islamiy, 1985.

Abdul Aziz Muchammad, “Syari‟ah dan Tafsir al-Qur‟an: Elaborasi Maqashid dalam Tafsir Ibn „Asyur”, Tesis. Jakarta: Postgraduate School of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, 2008.

Abu al-Fida‟ Isma„il ibn „Umar ibn Katsir, Tafsir Ibn Katsir. Bairut: Dar al-Fikr, 1997. Juz II.

Ahmad Syafi‟i Ma‟arif, Politik Identitas dan Masa Depan Pluralisme Kita. Jakarta:

Democracy Project, 2012.

Ahmad Vaezi, Shia Political Thought. London: Islamic Centre Publishing, 2004.

Amy Gutmann, Identity in Democracy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Ghali Shukri, al-Thaqafah al-‘Arabiyah fi-Tunis: al-Fikr wa al-Mujtama‘. Tunis: Dar al-Janub li al-Nashr, 1998.

Hassan Hanafi, Dirasat Falsafiyyah. Qahirah: Maktabah Anglo Misriyyah, 1988.

Islah Gusmian, Khazanah Tafsir Indonesia: dari Hermeneutika Hingga Ideologi.

Yogyakarta: LKis Group, 2013.

John L. Esposito (terj), Islam dan Politik. Jakarta: Bulan bintang, 1990

_____, Islam Warna Warni, Ragam Menuju Jalan yang Lurus, (terj) (Jakarta: Paramadina, 2004.

Komaruddin Hidayat, Menafsirkan Kehendak Tuhan. Jakarta: Penerbit Teraju, 2004.

Masdar Hilmy, Islam Profetik: Substansiasi Nilai-nilai Agama dalam Ruang Publik.

Jogjakarta: Kanisius, 2008.

Michael S. Nortcott, “Sociological Approach”, dalam Peter Connolly (ed.), Approaches to the Study of Religion. London: Cassell, 1999.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn „Ashur, Al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir, Vol. III. Tunis: Dar Sahnun li al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi„, 1997.

Muhammad Husain Tabattaba„i, al-Mizan fi al-Tafsir al-Qur’an. Bairut:

Muassasah li al-„Alam li al-Matbu„at, 1991), Volume III.

Muhammad Rida al-Ajhuri, al-Khalfiyah al-Islamiyah li-Majallat al-Ahwal al Shakhshiyah. Tunis: al-Shirkah al-Tunisiyah li al-Nashr wa al-Tanmiyah, 2012. Mun‟im Sirry, “Diskursus Kontemporer Pluralisme Agama”, in Elza Peldi Taher (ed.),

Merayakan Kebebasan Beragama. Jakarta: ICRP, 2009.

Musholli, “Hegemoni Idiologi dalam Penafsiran al-Qur'an; Studi Tafsir Syi'ah dan Tafsir Sunni al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir”, Disertasi. Jakarta: Sps UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta. 2014.

Nasr Abu Zayd, Mafhum al-Nas: Dirasah fi-„Ulum al-Qur‟an. Qahirah: Al-Hay‟ah al-Misriyyah al-„Ammah li al-Kitab, 1993.

Noorhaidi Hasan, “Multikulturalisme dan Tantangan Radikalisme”, dalam Elza Peldi Taher (ed.), Merayakan Kebebasan Beragama. Jakarta: ICRP, 2009.

Nurul Huda, Penafsiran Politik Kolonel Bakri Syahid dalam Tafsir al-Huda. Banten: Pustaka Qi Falah, 2014.

Saiful Mujani, Muslim Demokrat Islam: Budaya Demokrasi dan Partisipasi Politik. Jakarta:

Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2007.

Sayyid Qutb, Tafsir fi Zilali al-Qur'an. Beirut: Dar al-Shuruq, 1995.

Online Journal

Abdulkader Tayob, “Politics and Islamization in African Public Spheres”, dalam Islamic Africa, Vol. 3, No. 2 (FALL 2012), 139-168. Northwestern University Press.: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42636199. Accessed 02/06/2014.

Albert Doja, “The Dangerous Politics of Identity”, dalam Review Article, European Journal of Anthropology, vol. 43 (1), 2004.

Basheer M. Nafi, Ṭāhir ibn ʿĀshūr: The Career and Thought of a Modern Reformist, dalam Journal of Qur’anic Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1 (2005), 1-32. Edinburgh University Press on behalf of the Centre for Islamic Studies at SOAS http://www.jstor.org/stable/25728162. Accessed: 18/12/2013

Bassam Ridwan „Ulyan, “Manhaj ibn „Ashur fi al-Qira‟at fi-Tafsirih al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir”, dalam Majallat al-Jamiah al-Islamiyah: Silsilat al-Dirasat al-Islamiyah, al-Mujallad al-Tasi„ „Ashar, al-„Adad al-Thani, Juni 2011, 545-573 http.//www.iugaza.edu.pslar/periodical/. Accessed: 14/12/2014.

Hay‟at min Mudarrisi Jami‟ al-Zaytuna al-Ma‟mur, al-Majallah al-Zaytunah. al-Juz al-Awwal, Oktober, 1937, al-Mujallad al-Thani. Tunis: Al-Matbaah al-Tunisiyah, 1937

J. C. Hurewitz, “Program of the Destour Party in Tunisia”, dalam The Middle East and Africa in World Politics. New Heaven: Yale University Press, 1979.

Jamal Mahmud Ahmad Abu Hassan, “Al-Imam Muhammad al-Tahir ibn „Ashur (Sirah wa Mawaqif)”, dalam Al-Majallah al-Urduniyah fi al-Dirasat al-Islamiyah, al-Mujallad al-Khamis, al-„Adad 2/A, 2009 www.pdffactory.com. Accessed: 18/12/2014.

Julia Clancy Smith, “Islam and the French Empire in North Africa”, dalam David Motadel (ed), Islam and the European Empires. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Kamel Ghozzi, “The Study of Resilience and Decay in Ulama Groups: Tunisia and Iran as an Example”, dalam Journal of Sociology of Religion 63 No. 3; Fall 2002; 326 http://socrel.oxfordjournals.org/content/63/3/317.full.pdf+html. Accessed: 03/12/2014.

Mark Sedgwick, “Jihad, Modernity, and Sectarianism”, dalam Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, Vol.11,No. 2 (November 2007), 6-27 University of California. Press. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/nr.2007.11.2.6. Accessed:09/01/2015.

Martin E. Spencer, “Multiculturalism, Political Correctness, and the Politics of Identity”, dalam Sociological Forum, Vol. 9, No. 4, Special Issue: Multiculturalism and Diversity (Dec.,1994), 547-567. http://www.jstor.org/stable/685001. Accessed : 03/03/2014

Mary Dewhurst Lewis, “Geographies of Power: The Tunisian Civic Order, Jurisdictional Politics, and Imperial Rivalry in the Mediterranean, 1881-1935”, dalam Journal of Modern History, 803 The University of Chicago, December 2008, http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL. InstRepos:2665770. Accessed: 15/02/2015.

Necmettin Gokkir, "Political language of tafsir, Redefining of "Ummah", dalam A Religio-Communal Concept of the Quran: Past and Present, İstanbul Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, Sayı: 5, Yıl: 2007 Accessed: 05/06/2014.

Internet

Muhammad Ahmad Lawh, “Mawqif Muhammad al-Tahir ibn „Ashur al-Maliki min al-Rafidah min Khilal Tafsirih (al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir)”, dalam Risalah Majistir, 2010, 4-5. http:www.magrebcenter.com.BooksDetails.aspx?id=20

Muhammad al-Haddad, “Al-Khitab hawla al-Mar‟ah: bayna al-Munadil wa al-Shaykh wa al-Za„im”, 16,dalam Bahithat, al-Kitab al-Tasi', 2003-2004. www.bahithat.org/download.php?file_id=MzQ4. Accessed: 29/12/2014.

Ajhuri, Muhammad Rida al-. al-Khalfiyah al-Islamiyah li-Majallat al-Ahwal al-Shakhsiyah. Tunis: al-Shirkah al-Tunisiyah li al-Nashr wa al-Tanmiyah, 2012.

'Ashur, Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn. al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir. Tunis: Dar Sahnun li al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi‟, 1997.

____. Naqdun 'Ilmiyyun li Kitab al-Islam wa Usul al-H{ukm. Kairo: Dar al-Salam, 2014.

____.Usul al-Nizam al-Ijtima'i fi al-Islam. Tunis: Dar al-Salam/Dar al-Sahnun li al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi', 2010.

An-Na'im, Abdullahi Ahmed. Islam dan Negara Sekuler; Menegoisasi Masa Depan Syariah (terj), Sri Murniati. Jakarta: Mizan Pustaka, 2007.

Bouzghiba, Muhammad. Fatawa al-Shaykh al-Al-T{ahir Ibn 'Ashur. Tunis: al-Dar al-Tunisiyyah li al-Nashr, 2015.

Chenoufi, Monchef.al-Muqaddimah wa Taqarizh al-Mu'asirin 'ala al-Masalik Fi Ma'rifati Ahwal al-Mamalik. Tunis: al-Dar al-'Arabiyyah li al-Kitab, 2012.

Izutsu, Toshihiko. God and Man in The Quran. Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust, 2002.

Kabir, Muh{ammad al-Amir al-. al-Iklil Sharh Mukhtasar Khalil. Bayrut: Dar al-Fikr, 1989.

Ma'arif, Ahmad Syafi'i. Politik Identitas dan Masa Depan Pluralisme Kita dalam, Politik Identitas dan Masa Depan Pluralisme Indonesia.Jakarta: Democracy Project, 2012.

Malesevic, Sinisa. Identity as Ideology: Understanting Ethnicity and Nationalism. London:

Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Misawi, Muhammad al-Tahir al-. Jamharat Maqalat wa Rasail Shaykh al-Imam Muhammad al-T{ahir Ibn 'Ashur. Amman: Dar al-Nafais li al-Nashr wa Tauzi, 2015.

Muchammad, Abdul Aziz Shari„ah dan Tafsir Quran: Elaborasi Maqasid in Tafsir Ibn „Ashur, in Master Thesis. Jakarta: Postgraduate School of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, 2008.

Musolli, “Hegemoni Ideologi dalam Penafsiran Quran; Studi Tafsir Syiah dan Tafsir Sunni al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir”, in Disertation. Jakarta: Postgraduate School of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta. 2014.

Rofiq, Ainur. Tafsir Resolusi Konflik. Malang: UIN Maliki Press, 2011.

Raziq, „Ali „Abd al-.al-Islam wa Usul al-Hukm. Bayrut: Dar Maktabah al-Hayat, t.th.

Suaedy, Ahmad. Politisasi Agama dan Konflik Komunal: Beberapa Isu Penting di Indonesia.

Jakarta: The Wahid Institute, 2007.

Tha„alibi,„Abd al-„Aziz al-. Ruh al-Taharrur fi al-Qur’an. Tunis: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1985.

Tunisi, Khayr al-Din al-.Aqwam al-Masalik Fi Ma'rifati Ahwal al-Mamalik. Tunis: al-Dar al-'Arabiyyah li al-Kitab, 2012.

Tunisiyyah.Dustur al-Jumhuriyyah al-Tunisiyyah.Tunis: Majma' al-Atrash li al-Kitab al-Mukhtas, 2014.

Zaydi,Ali Al-.Al-Zaytuniyyun: Dauruhum fi al-Harakah al-Wataniyyah al-Tunisiyyah 1940-1945. Tunis: Maktabah „Alau al-Din, 2007), 358




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v2i1.208

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 375 times
PDF - 255 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.