The Implementation of PSBB during the Covid-19 through Online Media News Text: A Critical Discourse Analysis

Retna Isti Pratiwi, Teguh Setiawan


Online media has a crucial role in the news reporting during the pandemic. Various case issues and changes in people's behavior are easily accessible through online news. This study aims to explain how the structure of the text is displayed in news texts about the implementation of PSBB or social mobility control at the closing ceremony of McDonald's. The research method used is a qualitative method with the technique of critical discourse analysis of the Teun A. Van Dijk model which includes 3 dimensions, namely the dimensions of text, social cognition and social context. The data are in the form of online news published in three different media, namely, and which were issued in May 2020 with the main theme "Penutupan McDonald di Gerai Sarinah Jakarta". The result of the study shows that there have been infringements of the PSBB implementation during the Covid-19 pandemic. The infractions are committed in the form of not wearing masks, and not maintaining social distance. Utilization of social cognition and access to influence the minds of readers through discourse are used by the news sources and journalists to build public awareness in supporting the implementation of PSBB. This can be seen in the used of suggestions and persuasive sentences.


critical discourse analysis; online news; PSBB; covid-19 pandemic

Full Text:



Ba kri , Fahriatin.dkk . 2020. Women in Politics in Newspapers Lombok Pos Year 2019 : Analysis of Critical Discourse Perspective of Teun A. Van Dijk Lingua Journal , Vol 17 No 1, March Vol. 17 2020, No. 1, March 2020 ; Email: . Lingua Journal download 18 May 2020

Budiman Aditya. 2020. Come to Sarinah McD Closing, Residents Asked to Isolate Mandiri Friday, 15 May 2020 04:39 WIB team. 2020 “The crowd at McD Sarinah leads to a fine of IDR 10 million” downloaded 17 June 2020

Eriyanto. 2011. Discourse Analysis Introduction to Media Text Analysis . Yogyakarta: CLkiS

Fariza, Nur. 2020. Corpus Driven Analysis of News Reports about Covid-19 in a Malaysian Online Newspaper ) ( GEMA Online® Journal of Language StudiesVolume 20 (3), August 2020 . Http:// ). Downloaded October 9 , 2020

Ghofur, Abd . 2016. Critical Discourse Analysis A Model of Critical Social Analysis In Media Text . OKARA Journal of Languages and Literature, Vol. II, Year X, November 2016.

Government Regulation of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia number 21 of 2020 regarding Large-Scale Social restrictions on March 31, 2020

Governor Regulation No. 33 of 2020 Implementation of Large- Scale Social Restrictions in Indonesia Handling Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid 19) in the Special Capital Region Province Jakarta

Humaira, Hera Wahdah . 2018. Critical Discourse Analysis (AWK) Model Teun A. Van Dijk Pada Republika Newspaper Reporting . Journal of Literacy vol 2 no 1. April 1, 2018. . Downloaded March 23, 2020

Mulyana , I Wayan . Print Media Advertising Discourse Structure: Study of Van Dijk's Structure. Mulyawan downloaded 28 February 2020

Musyafa'ah, Nurul. Critical Discourse Analysis of Teun A. Van Dijk's Model "Students with Achievements Become"

Ningrum, P. A., et al. (2020). The Potential of Poverty in the City of Palangka Raya: Study SMIs Affected Pandemic Covid 19. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 3, Page: 1626-1634

Primary, Kevin Riski . 2020. "Sarinah McDonald assault Society for photos Sebagai kenang memories" community- serbu- mcdonalds- sarinah- untuk- foto-as- kenang- kenangan . download May 20, 2020

Saleh, A., Mujahiddin. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities for Community Empowerment Practices in Indonesia during the Covid-19 Pandemic through Strengthening the Role of Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 3, No 2, Page: 1105-1113.

Saraswati, Ruruh . 2019. Critical Discourse Analysis in Learning: The Role of AWK on Learning Critical Literacy, Critical Thinking, and Critical Language Awareness . Journal of Humanika, Scientific Studies of General Courses, Volume 19 No 1, March 2019.

Sekarwati.Siti Hanah 2016. Superstructure and Macrostructure of Da'wah Discourse in Social Media instagram: Overview on Instagram account Ria Yunita International Seminar Inscription III: Current Reseacrh in Linguistic. https: // downloaded February 18, 2020

Sihombing, E. H., Nasib. (2020). The Decision of Choosing Course in the Era of Covid 19 through the Telemarketing Program, Personal Selling and College Image. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No. 4, Page: 2843-2850.

The Killer” MODELING: Journal of the PGMI Study Program Volume 4, Number 2, September 2017; p-ISSN: 244P2-3661; e-ISSN: 2477-667X, 192-202

Titscher, Stefan, et al. 2009. Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis . Editor Prof. Abdul

Thanks Ibrahim. Yogyakarta: Student Library.

Tria Sutrisna “Closing Ceremony for Sarinah McDonald, Violating PSBB, Satpol PP

admonish management downloaded 20 May 2020

Van Dijk, Tuen. Critical Discourse Analysis Second draft, January 1998 . . downloaded February 16, 2020


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 78 times
PDF - 35 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.