Communication Strategies of Individual with Down Syndrome

Anik Lailatul Muniroh, Rohmani Nur Indah

Abstract


The issue on language and communication disorder of individuals with Down Syndrome becomes the focus of this study. It explores the disorder as a language phenomenon represented in movie. Where Hope Grows movie describes the character with Down Syndrome struggling in communicating with people in his workspace and independent livelihood. The result of this study shows that the utterances have dissimilarities with common people particularly in phonological terms such consonant clusters produced as a singleton, omitted word final consonant, target fricatives and affricates are produced as stops, and aspirated voiceless stops in initial position are de-aspirated. Moreover, there are also issues within the syntactical terms such simple infinitive clauses with equivalent subjects, infinitive clauses with different subjects, and quotes as full clauses. Further studies should cover more elaborative communication strategies of speakers with Down Syndrome in more impromptu and spontaneous speech contexts.


Keywords


down syndrome; communication; phonology; syntax

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, H., & Goolishian, H. A. (1988). Human systems as linguistic systems: Preliminary and evolving ideas about the implications for clinical theory. Family process, 27(4), 371-393.

Andreou, G., & Chartomatsidou, E. (2020). A Review Paper on the Syntactic Abilities of Individuals with Down Syndrome. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, 10(05), 480.

Babatsouli, E., & Sotiropoulos, D. (2018). A measure for cluster proximity (MCP) in child speech. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 32(12), 1071-1089.

Carr, J. H. (1995). Down’s Syndrome: Children Growing Up. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carr, J. (2008). The everyday life of adults with Down syndrome. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21(5), 389-397.

Christodoulou, C., & Grohmann, K. K. (2018). From First Steps to Full Acquisition: Comprehension of Subjunctive Clauses in Bilectal Children with Down Syndrome and Typical Language Development. Frontiers in Communication, 3, 19.

de Haro, A. H. (2020). The vowel system of Eastern Andalusian Spanish speakers with articulation disorders. Lingua, 102958.

Deri, A. (2018). An EPG analysis of the articulatory patterns in down syndrome: A case study (Doctoral dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki).

Emeeshat, J. S. (2017). Isolated word speech recognition system for children with Down syndrome (Doctoral dissertation).

Faes, J., & Gillis, S. (2017). Consonant cluster production in children with cochlear implants: A comparison with normally hearing peers. First language, 37(4), 319-349.

Field, J. (2004). Psycholinguistics: The key concepts. Psychology Press.

Finestack, L. H., & Abbeduto, L. (2010). Expressive language profiles of verbally expressive adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome or fragile X syndrome. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 53(3), 1334-1348.

Fiorentzi, K. (2016). Articulatory Problems in Adults with Down Syndrome: a Study of Greek Vowels and Consonants (Doctoral dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki).

Fowler, A. E., Gelman, R., & Gleitman, L. R. (1994). The course of language learning in children with Down syndrome. Constraints on language acquisition: Studies of atypical children, 91-140.

Grandon, B., & Vilain, A. (2020). Development of fricative production in French-speaking school-aged children using cochlear implants and children with normal hearing. Journal of Communication Disorders, 105996.

Hutagaol, R., Saragih, A. H., & Siagian, S. (2020). The Effect of Participative Learning Strategy and Interpersonal Communication on Results of Civic Learning Education. Britain International of Linguistics Arts and Education (BIoLAE) Journal, 2(2), 515-524.

Iverson, P., Kuhl, P. K., Akahane-Yamada, R., Diesch, E., Kettermann, A., & Siebert, C. (2003). A perceptual interference account of acquisition difficulties for non-native phonemes. Cognition, 87(1), B47-B57.

Ivi ć, S. (2016). Communication Skills of a Child with Down Syndrome at the End of the First Grade of Elementary School. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(23), 19-28.

Kim, H. S., & Kim, H. H. (2019). Acoustic analysis of Korean stop sounds in patients with dysarthrias. Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders, 4(3), 201-213

Kim, M., Kim, S. J., & Stoel-Gammon, C. (2020). Phonological Characteristics of Korean-Speaking Children with Phonological Disorders: Preliminary Results. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 1525740120936975.

Li, F., Bunta, F., & Tomblin, J. B. (2017). Alveolar and postalveolar voiceless fricative and affricate productions of Spanish–English bilingual children with cochlear implants. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60(9), 2427-2441.

Nguyen, H. D. (2019) Errors in Word-Final Consonant Pronunciation in Vietnamese English Interlanguage. Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Humanities and Social Sciences 2019 (IC-HUSO 2019) 11th-12th November 2019, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand

Oliver, C. D. (2012). Down Syndrome and Language Development. Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Illinois.

Penke, M. (2018). Verbal agreement inflection in German children with Down syndrome. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61(9), 2217-2234.

Pueschel, S.M & Myers, B. A. (1994). Environmental and Temperament Assessments of Children with Down's Syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities 38(2), 195–202

Roberts, J. E., Price, J., & Malkin, C. (2007). Language and communication development in Down syndrome. Mental retardation and developmental disabilities research reviews, 13(1), 26-35.

Smith, E., Næss, K. A. B., & Jarrold, C. (2017). Assessing pragmatic communication in children with Down syndrome. Journal of communication disorders, 68, 10-23.

Stoel-Gammon, C. (2018). Theories of phonological development and their implications for phonological disorders. In Phonological disorders in children (pp. 16-36). Routledge.

Tarigan, K. E. (2019). The Development of Phonological System Made by the Children. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 2(2), 338-342.

Thordardottir, E.T, Chapman, R.S & Wagner, L. (2002). Complex sentence production by adolescents with Down syndrome. Applied Psycholinguistics 23(2), 163-183.

Van Borsel, J. (1996). Articulation in Down's syndrome adolescents and adults. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 31(4), 415-444.

Vergara, P., Bernhardt, B. M., Pérez, D., & Diez-Itza, E. (2020). Consonant cluster acquisition in Chilean children with typical and protracted phonological development. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 1-19.

Weinzapfel, R. (2014). Syntax Development in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome. Research paper, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Yue, J & Xia, X. (2019) Production of Mandarin stop consonants in prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants. Proceeding of International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 3115-3119




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i1.1531

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 306 times
PDF - 107 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.